Archbishop John
Wonder-Worker of Shanghai and San Francisco

“This man, who appears weak is, in fact, a miracle of ascetic steadfastness and determination in our time of universal spiritual weakening.” - Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky)

“If you desire to see a living Saint, go to Bitol to Father John.” - Bishop Nicholas (Velimirovich)


St. John and children

Despite being a strict ascetic whose spiritual vision was directed to things not of this world, St. John always possessed a profound love for children. He also had an amazing understanding of their needs, which explains his continual and committed involvement in the educating and proper rearing of “the little ones.” This article, which St. John wrote and published in Shanghai in 1946, beautifully demonstrates his awareness of the challenges confronting young people, and his vision of their optimum path. St. John’s Academy is dedicated to the perpetuation of his vision, and is committed to following his prescription for the well-being of the youth in our care.


St. John was born Mikhail Borisovich Maximovitch (Russian: Михаил Борисович Максимович) in 1896 in the village of Adamovka in the Kharkov Governorate (in present-day eastern Ukraine). He came from the same family of Serbian origin as that of St. John of Tobolsk, whom he was said to resemble in several respects. From 1907 to 1914 he attended Poltava Military School. He received a degree in law from Kharkov Imperial University in 1918. His family brought him to Belgrade in 1921, where in 1925 he graduated from Belgrade University with a degree in theology.

Icon of St. John of Tobolsk (1651–1715)

Icon of St. John of Tobolsk (1651–1715)

In 1926 he was tonsured a monk and ordained a hierodeacon by Russian Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky), who gave him the name of St. John after his saintly relative. Later that same year, he was ordained to the priesthood by Russian Bishop Gabriel (Chepur) of Chelyabinsk. For several years afterward he worked as an instructor and tutor in Yugoslavia. He worked as a religious teacher in the Gymnasium of Velika Kikinda between 1925 and 1927. In 1929, Holy Synod of the Serbian Orthodox Church appointed him a teacher of the seminary in Bitola. The principal of the seminary was Nikolaj Velimirović.

St. John on his arrival in Shanghai

St. John on his arrival in Shanghai


In 1934 St. John was ordained a bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia by Metropolitan Anthony and assigned to the diocese of Shanghai. There he found an uncompleted cathedral and an Orthodox community deeply divided along ethnic lines. Making contact with all the various groups, he quickly involved himself in the existing charitable institutions and personally founded an orphanage and home for the children of indigents. Here he first became known for miracles attributed to his prayer. As a public figure it was impossible for him to completely conceal his ascetic way of life. Despite his actions during the Japanese occupation, when he routinely ignored the curfew in pursuit of his pastoral activities, the Japanese authorities never harassed him.

When the Communists took power in China, the Russian colony was forced to flee, first to a refugee camp on the island of Tubabao in the Philippines and then mainly to the United States and Australia. Archbishop St. John travelled personally to Washington, D.C. to ensure that his people would be allowed to enter the country.

Western Europe

In 1951 St. John was assigned to the archdiocese of Western Europe with his see first in Paris, then in Brussels. Thanks to his work in collecting lives of saints, a great many pre-Schism Western saints became known in Orthodoxy and continue to be venerated to this day. His charitable and pastoral work continued as it had in Shanghai, even among a much more widely scattered flock.

St. John oversaw the completion of the Holy Virgin Cathedral in San Francisco.

St. John oversaw the completion of the Holy Virgin Cathedral in San Francisco.

San Francisco

In 1962 St. John was once again reassigned by the Holy Synod to the see of San Francisco. Here too, he found a divided community and a cathedral in an unfinished state. Although he completed the building of the Holy Virgin Cathedral and brought some measure of peace to the community he became the target of slander from those who became his political enemies, who went so far as to file a lawsuit against him for alleged mishandling of finances related to construction of the cathedral. He was exonerated, but this was a great cause of sorrow to him in his later life.

Deeply revering St. John of Kronstadt, St. John Maximovitch played an active role in preparation of his canonization.

St. John's Shrine in Holy Virgin Cathedral is venerated by parishioners and St. John's Academy's students and faculty.

St. John's Shrine in Holy Virgin Cathedral is venerated by parishioners and St. John's Academy's students and faculty.

Death and Veneration

On July 2, 1966 (June 19 on the Julian calendar), St. John died while visiting Seattle at a time and place he had foretold. He was entombed in a sepulchre beneath the altar of the Holy Virgin Cathedral he had built in San Francisco dedicated to the Theotokos, Joy of all who Sorrow. In 1994 he was solemnly glorified on the 28th anniversary of his death. His unembalmed relics now occupy a shrine in the cathedral's nave. His feast day is celebrated on the Saturday nearest to July 2. He is beloved and celebrated worldwide, with portions of his relics located in Serbia, Russia, Mount Athos, Greece (Church of Saint Anna in Katerini) Bulgaria, Romania, United States, Canada (Holy Trinity Serbian Orthodox Church, Kitchener), England (Dormition Cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church, London) and other countries of the world.


Tropar to St. John


Lo, Thy care for thy flock in its sojourn / prefigured the supplication which thou dost ever offer up for the whole world. / 

Thus do we believe, having come to know thy love, O holy hierarch and wonderworker John. / Wholly sanctified by God through the ministry of the all-pure Mysteries / and thyself ever strengthened thereby,/ thou didst hasten to the suffering, O most gladsome Healer, //

Hasten now also to the aid of us who honor thee with all our heart.